English and Chinese stuffs.

Bing Search– Microsoft’s exclusive search engine!

Personal biography… lol

Mention to , many of my friends might be surprised of what I do recently, because they can always see Bing consultation, or some of the info about Bing search in my blogs, MSN, QQ– right,  I am actually doing a consultative work with, that’s not a part-time job, that is a personal server of Bing search, and my friend- John is the manager of this server, I am working as a consultation, that is very comfortable and interesting although I never have any income,  but I have been learning many server and CSS, HTML knowledges. That personal server is a legal server, it does to send many “webpage spiders” to many webpages, and if their webpages stats are good, their webpage will show up on the top of the result of search in This server’s port is connect to Microsoft’s official servers.

Bing search.


Bing (formerly Live Search, Windows Live Search, and MSN Search) is the current web search engine (advertised as a “decision engine”)[2] from Microsoft. Bing was unveiled by Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer on May 28, 2009 at the All Things Digital conference in San Diego. It went fully online on June 3, 2009,[3] with a preview version released on June 1, 2009.

File:Bing logo.svg

File:Bing (search engine) homepage screenshot.png

Notable changes include the listing of search suggestions as queries are entered and a list of related searches (called “Explorer pane”) based on[4] semantic technology from Powerset that Microsoft purchased in 2008.[5] As of January 2010[update] Bing is the third largest search engine on the web by query volume, at 3.16%, after its competitor Google at 85.35% and Yahoo at 6.15%, according to Net Applications.[6]

On July 29, 2009, Microsoft and Yahoo! announced a deal in which Bing would power Yahoo! Search.[7]




[edit] History

[edit] MSN Search

MSN Search homepage in 2006

MSN Search was a search engine by Microsoft that comprised a search engine, index, and web crawler. MSN Search first launched in the third quarter of 1998 and used search results from Inktomi. In early 1999, MSN Search launched a version which displayed listings from Looksmart blended with results from Inktomi except for a short time in 1999 when results from AltaVista were used instead. Since then Microsoft upgraded MSN Search to provide its own self-built search engine results, the index of which was updated weekly and sometimes daily. The upgrade started as a beta program in November 2004, and came out of beta in February 2005. Image search was powered by a third party, Picsearch. The service also started providing its search results to other search engine portals in an effort to better compete in the market.

[edit] Windows Live Search

Windows Live Search homepage

The first public beta of Windows Live Search was unveiled on March 8, 2006, with the final release on September 11, 2006 replacing MSN Search. The new search engine used search tabs that include Web, news, images, music, desktop, local, and Microsoft Encarta.

In the roll-over from MSN Search to Windows Live Search, Microsoft stopped using Picsearch as their image search provider and started performing their own image search, fueled by their own internal image search algorithms.[8]

[edit] Live Search

Live Search homepage

On March 21, 2007, Microsoft announced that it would separate its search developments from the Windows Live services family, rebranding the service as Live Search. Live Search was integrated into the Live Search and Ad Platform headed by Satya Nadella, part of Microsoft’s Platform and Systems division. As part of this change, Live Search was merged with Microsoft adCenter.[9]

A series of reorganisations and consolidations of Microsoft’s search offerings were made under the Live Search branding. On May 23, 2008, Microsoft announced the discontinuation of Live Search Books and Live Search Academic and integrated all academic and book search results into regular search, and as a result this also included the closure of Live Search Books Publisher Program. Soon after, Windows Live Expo was discontinued on July 31, 2008. Live Search Macros, a service for users to create their own custom search engines or use macros created by other users, was also discontinued shortly after. On May 15, 2009, Live Product Upload, a service which allowed merchants to upload products information onto Live Search Products, was discontinued. The final reorganisation came as Live Search QnA was rebranded as MSN QnA on February 18, 2009, however, it was subsequently discontinued on May 21, 2009.[10]

Microsoft recognised that there would be a brand issue as long as the word “Live” remained in the name.[11] As an effort to create a new identity for Microsoft’s search services, Live Search was officially replaced by Bing on June 3, 2009.[12]

[edit] Yahoo! search deal

On July 29, 2009, Microsoft and Yahoo! announced that they had made a 10-year deal in which the Yahoo! search engine would be replaced by Bing. Yahoo! will get to keep 88% of the revenue from all search ad sales on its site for the first five years of the deal, and have the right to sell adverts on some Microsoft sites. Yahoo! Search will still maintain its own user interface, but will eventually feature “Powered by Bing” branding.[13][14]

[edit] Market Share

Before the launch of Bing the marketshare of Microsoft web search pages (MSN and Live search) had been steadily declining. Since Bing’s launch in the US, Microsoft has increased its US search market share. Microsoft, in third-place, has increased its share from 8 percent in May[15] to 11.3 percent in January 2010,[16] according to figures from ComScore. Bing’s rise in marketshare might possibly be related to a US marketing campaign and the use of rebates through its Cashback program, which pays users who have found and bought products through its search service.[17][18]

[edit] Features

[edit] Interface features

  • Daily changing of background image. The images are mostly of noteworthy places in the world, though it sometimes displays animals, people, and sports. The background image also contains information about the element(s) shown in the image.
  • Left side navigation pane. Includes navigation and, on results pages, related searches and prior searches
  • Right side extended preview which shows a bigger view of the page and gives URLs to links inside of the page.
  • Sublinks. On certain search results, the search result page also shows section links within the article (this is also done on other search engines, including Google)
  • Enhanced view where third party site information can be viewed inside Bing.
  • On certain sites, search from within the website on the results page.
  • On certain sites, Bing will display the Customer Service number on the results page.

[edit] Media features

  • Video thumbnail Preview where, by hovering over a video thumbnail, the video automatically starts playing
  • Image search with continuous scrolling images results page that has adjustable settings for size, layout, color, style and people.[19]
  • Video search with adjustable setting for length, screen size, resolution and source

[edit] Instant answers

  • Sports. Bing can directly display scores from a specific day, recent scores from a league or scores and statistics on teams or players.
  • Finance. When entering a company name or stock symbol and either stock or quote in the search box Bing will show direct stock information like a stockchart, price, volume, and p/e ratio[20] in a webslice that users can subscribe to.
  • Math calculations (e.g., 2 * pi * 24).[21] Users can enter math expressions in the search box using a variety of math operators and (trig) functions[22] and Bing will provide a direct calculation of the expression.
  • Package tracking and tracing. When a user types the name of the shipping company and the tracking number Bing will provide direct tracking information.
  • Dictionary. When ‘define’, ‘definition’ or ‘what is’ followed by a word is entered in the searchbox Bing will show a direct answer from the Encarta dictionary
  • Spell check. Will change frequently misspelled search terms to the more commonly spelled alternative.
  • Best match (plus similar sites)
  • Product shopping and Bing cashback
  • Health information
  • Flight tracking

[edit] Local info

  • Current traffic information
  • Business listing
  • People listing
  • Collections
  • Localized searching for restaurants and services
  • Restaurant reviews
  • Movies played in an area. When a current movie title is entered in the search box Bing will provide listings of local theaters showing the movie. When a city is added to the search box, Bing provides the movie listings localized for that city.
  • City hotel listings. When ‘hotels’ and a city name is entered in the search box Bing can provide hotel listings with a map. The listing leads to a detail search page with the hotels listed that holds extended information on the hotels and contains links to reviews, directions reservations and bird eye view of the hotel. On the page with the listings the list can be refined by settings on ratings, pricing, amenities, payment and parking

[edit] Integration with Hotmail

  • With Hotmail’s “Quick Add” feature, users can insert derivatives of Bing search results such as restaurant reviews, movie times, images, videos, and maps directly into their e-mail messages.[23]

[edit] International

Bing is available in many languages and has been localized for many countries.[24]

[edit] Languages

[edit] Search products

In addition to its tool for searching web pages, Bing also provides the following search offerings:[25]

Service Description
Health Bing Health refines health searches using related medical concepts to get relevant health information and to allow users to navigate complex medical topics with inline article results from experts. This feature is based on the Medstory acquisition.
Images Bing Images enables the user to quickly search and display most relevant photos and images of interest. The infinite scroll feature allows browsing a large number of images quickly. The advance filters allows refining search results in terms of properties such as image size, aspect ratio, color or black and white, photo or illustration, and facial features recognition.
Local Bing Local searches local business listings with business details and reviews, allowing users to make more informed decisions.
Maps Bing Maps enables the user to search for businesses, addresses, landmarks and street names worldwide, and can select from a road-map style view, a satellite view or a hybrid of the two. Also available are “bird’s-eye” images for many cities worldwide, and 3D maps which include virtual 3D navigation and to-scale terrain and 3D buildings. For business users it will be available as “Bing Maps For Enterprise”.
News Bing News is a news aggregator and provides news results relevant to the search query from a wide range of online news and information services.
Reference Bing Reference semantically indexes Wikipedia content and displays them in an enhanced view within Bing. It also allow users to input search queries that resembles full questions and highlights the answer within search results. This feature is based on the Powerset acquisition.
Shopping Bing Shopping lets users search from a wide range of online suppliers and marketer’s merchandise for all types of products and goods. This service also integrates with Bing cashback offering money back for certain purchases made through the site. This feature is based on the acquisition.
Translator Bing Translator lets users translate texts or entire web pages into different languages.
Travel Bing Travel searches for airfare and hotel reservations online and predicts the best time to purchase them. This feature is based on the Farecast acquisition.
Twitter Bing Twitter search allow users to search for and retrieve real-time information from the Twitter service. Bing Twitter search also provides “best match” and “social captions” functionalities that prioritises results based on relevance and contexts. Only public feeds from the past 7 days will be displayed in Bing Twitter search results.
Videos Bing Videos enables the user to quickly search and view videos online from various websites. The Smart Preview feature allows the user to instantly watch a short preview of an original video. Bing Videos also allow users to access editorial video contents from MSN Video.
Visual Search Bing Visual Search allow users to refine their search queries for structured results through data-grouping image galleries that resembles “large online catalogues”, powered by Silverlight.[26]
xRank Bing xRank lets users search for celebrities, musicians, politicians and bloggers, read short biographies and news about them, and track their trends or popularity rankings.

[edit] Webmaster services

Bing allows webmasters to manage the web crawling status of their own websites through Bing Webmaster Center. Additionally, users may also submit contents to Bing via the following methods:

  • Bing Local Listing Center allow businesses to add business listings onto Bing Maps and Bing Local
  • Soapbox on MSN Video allow users to upload videos for searching via Bing Videos

[edit] Mobile services

Bing Mobile allow users to conduct search queries on their mobile devices, either via the mobile browser or a downloadable mobile application. In the United States, Microsoft also operates a toll-free number for directory assistance called Bing 411.[25]

[edit] Other services

BingTweets is a service that combines Twitter trends with Bing search results, enabling users to see real-time information about the hottest topics on Twitter. The BingTweets service was initiated on July 14, 2009 in a partnership between Microsoft, Twitter and Federated Media.[27]

[edit] Toolbars, gadgets and plug-ins

[edit] Toolbars

Both Windows Live Toolbar and MSN Toolbar will be powered by Bing and aim to offer users a way to access Bing search results. Together with the launch of Bing, MSN Toolbar 4.0 will be released with inclusion of new Bing-related features such as Bing cashback offer alerts.[25]

[edit] Gadgets

The discontinued Live Search versions of the Windows Sidebar gadgets

The Bing Search gadget is a Windows Sidebar Gadget that uses Bing Search to fetch the user’s search results and render them directly in the gadget. Another gadget, the Bing Maps gadget, displays real-time traffic conditions using Bing Maps.[28] The gadget provides shortcuts to driving directions, local search and full-screen traffic view. However, traffic data is limited only for major US and Canadian cities, including Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Denver, Detroit, Houston, Los Angeles, Milwaukee, Montreal, New York City, Oklahoma City, Ottawa, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Portland, Providence, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Francisco, Seattle, St. Louis, Tampa, Toronto, Vancouver, and Washington, D.C.

Prior to October 30, 2007, the gadgets were known as Live Search gadget and Live Search Maps gadget; both gadgets were removed from Windows Live Gallery due to possible security concerns.[29] The Live Search Maps gadget was made available for download again on January 24, 2008 with the security concern addressed.[30] However around the introduction of Bing in June 2009 both gadgets have been removed again for download from Windows Live Gallery.

[edit] Accelerators

Accelerators allow users to access Bing features directly from selected text in a webpage. Accelerators provided by the Bing team include:

  • Bing Translator
  • Bing Maps
  • Bing Shopping

[edit] Web Slices

Web Slices can be used to monitor information gathered by Bing. Web Slices provided by the Bing team include:

  • Weather from Bing
  • Finance from Bing
  • Traffic from Bing

[edit] Plug-ins

The Bing team provides an official Bing Firefox add-on, which adds search suggestions to the Firefox search box from Bing.[31]

[edit] Advertising

[edit] Live Search

Since 2006, Microsoft had conducted a number of tie-ins and promotions for promoting Microsoft’s search offerings. These include:

  • Amazon‘s A9 search service and the experimental Ms. Dewey interactive search site syndicated all search results from Microsoft’s then search engine, Live Search. This tie-in started on May 1, 2006.
  • Search and Give – a promotional website launched on 17 January 2007 where all searches done from a special portal site would lead to a donation to the UNHCR’s organization for refugee children, Reuters AlertNet reported in 2007 that the amount to be donated would be $0.01 per search, with a minimum of $100,000 and a maximum of $250,000 (equivalent to 25 million searches).[32] According to the website the service was decommissioned on June 1, 2009, having donated over $500,000 to charity and schools.[33]
  • Club Bing – a promotional website where users can win prizes by playing word games that generate search queries on Microsoft’s then search service Live Search. This website began in April 2007 as Live Search Club.
  • Big Snap Search – a promotional website similar to Live Search Club. This website began in February 2008, but was discontinued shortly after.[34]
  • Live Search SearchPerks! – a promotional website which allowed users to redeem tickets for prizes while using Microsoft’s search engine. This website began on October 1, 2008 and was decommissioned on April 15, 2009.

[edit] Bing

Bing’s debut features an $80 to $100 million online, TV, print, and radio advertising campaign in the US. The advertisements do not mention other search engines competitors, such as Google and Yahoo, directly by name; rather, they attempt to convince users to switch to Bing by focusing on Bing’s search features and functionality.[35] The ads claim that Bing does a better job countering “search overload,” offering more-relevant, higher-quality results and helps you find what you’re looking for faster through the features that Bing offers that its competition does not.[36]

[edit] Name origin

The word “bing” is an onomatopoeia, a word that imitates the sound it represents. Through focus groups Microsoft decided that the name Bing was memorable, short, easy to spell, and that it would function well as a URL around the world. The word would remind people of the sound made during “the moment of discovery and decision making.”[37] Microsoft was assisted by branding consultancy Interbrand in their search for the best name for the new search engine.[38] The name also has strong similarity to the word ‘bingo‘, which is used to mean that something sought has been found or realized, as is interjected when winning the game Bingo.

Qi Lu, president of Microsoft Online Services, also announced that Bing’s official Chinese name is bì yìng (simplified Chinese: 必应; traditional Chinese: 必應), which literally means “very certain to respond” or “very certain to answer” in Chinese.[39]

While being tested internally by Microsoft employees, Bing’s codename was Kumo (くも),[40] which came from the Japanese word for spider (蜘蛛; くも, kumo) as well as cloud (; くも, kumo), referring to the manner in which search engines “spider” Internet resources to add them to their database, as well as cloud computing. A lot of people in the Online Community have speculated various Acronyms for BING.[41] [42]

[edit] Legal challenges

On July 31, 2009, The Laptop Company, Inc. released a press release stating that it is challenging Bing’s trademark application, alleging that Bing may cause confusion in the marketplace as Bing and their product BoingoBing both do online product search.[43] A U.S. federal trademark application for ‘BongoBing’ was filed on August 2, 2009 by The Laptop Company, three days after the press release with a description of an ‘Comparison shopping services; Promoting the goods and services of others by means of operating an on-line shopping mall with links to the retail web sites of others’.[44] Software company TeraByte Unlimited, which has a product called BootIt Next Generation (abbreviated to BING) also contended the trademark application on similar grounds, as did a Missouri-based design company called Bing! Information Design.[45]

Microsoft contends that claims by The Laptop Company and others challenging its trademark are without merit because these other companies filed for U.S. federal trademark applications only recently, after the filing of the Bing trademark by Microsoft and after the service’s public release.[46] Microsoft filed for its U.S. trademark on the name Bing on March 2, 2009 with the description “computer search engine software; graphical user interface software, namely, toolbar software for use with search engine software and websites.”, exactly 5 months before the U.S. federal filing by The Laptop Company.[47] Nonetheless, The Laptop Company and other challengers to the Bing trademark contend that they enjoy certain protections under common law and state laws.

As of October 28, 2009, an opposition proceeding is underway at the USPTO Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB).[48]

[edit] Adult content

[edit] Video content

Bing’s video search tool has a preview mode that could potentially be used to preview pornographic videos.[49] By simply turning off safe search, users can search for and view pornographic videos by hovering the cursor over a thumbnail, since the videos and audio in some cases is cached on Microsoft’s Server[citation needed]

Since the videos are playing within Bing instead of the site where they are hosted, the videos are not necessarily blocked by parental control filters. Monitoring programs designed to tell parents what sites their children have visited are likely to simply report “” instead of the site that actually hosts the video. The same situation can be said about corporate filters, many of which have been fooled by this feature.[50] Users do not need to leave Bing’s site to view these videos.[51][52]

Microsoft responded in a blog post on June 4, 2009, with a short term work-around.[53] By adding “&adlt=strict” to the end of a query, no matter what the settings are for that session it will return results as if safe search was set to strict. The query would look like this: (case sensitive).

On June 12, 2009, Microsoft announced two changes regarding Bing’s Smart Motion Preview and SafeSearch features. All potentially explicit images and video content will be coming from a separate single domain, Additionally, Bing will also return source URL information in the query string for image and video contents. Both changes allow both home users and corporate users to filter content by domain regardless of what the SafeSearch settings might be.[54]

[edit] Regional censorship

Bing censors results for adult search terms like “sex” for some of the regions including India, People’s Republic of China, Germany and Arab countries.[55] This censoring is done based on the local laws of those countries.[56] However, Bing allows users to simply change their country/region preference to somewhere without restrictions – such as the United States, United Kingdom, Ireland or Australia – to sidestep this censorship.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ “Alexa Bing traffic results”. Alexa. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  2. ^ “Welcome to Discover Bing”. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  3. ^ “Microsoft’s New Search at Helps People Make Better Decisions: Decision Engine goes beyond search to help customers deal with information overload”. Retrieved 2009-05-29. 
  4. ^ “Microsoft Bing rides open source to semantic search”. Retrieved 2010-01-01. 
  5. ^ “Microsoft to Acquire Powerset”. Retrieved 2010-01-01. 
  6. ^ “Search Engine Market Share as reported by Compete, comScore, Hitwise, Net applications, Nielsen Online & StatCounter”. January 01, 2010. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  7. ^ Microsoft and Yahoo seal web deal.
  8. ^ Chris Sherman, September 12, 2006, Microsoft Upgrades Live Search Offerings.
  9. ^ Mary Jo Foley: Microsoft severs Live Search from the rest of the Windows Live family.
  10. ^ Live QnA team blog announcement.
  11. ^ Keynote with Kevin Johnson at Microsoft.
  12. ^ Wired, 28 May 2009, Hands On With Microsoft’s New Search Engine: Bing, But No Boom.
  13. ^ “Microsoft and Yahoo seal web deal”. BBC News. Wednesday, 29 July 2009 13:58 UK. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  14. ^ Tiffany Wu; Derek Caney (Wed Jul 29, 2009 8:27am EDT). “REFILE-UPDATE 1-Microsoft, Yahoo in 10-year Web search deal”. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  15. ^ “comScore Releases May 2009 U.S. Search Engine Rankings”. Comscore. 2009-06-17.
  16. ^
  17. ^ “Google and Bing Keep Rising While Yahoo Drops Again”. New York Times. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  18. ^ “Obscure Standard Plays Into Microsoft, Google Search Battle”. Wall street Journal. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  19. ^ Limit Image Results to Color or Black and White Images.
  20. ^ Display Stock Quotes.
  21. ^ Use Bing to Calculate, Perform Trigonometry, or Solve Your Algebra Homework.
  22. ^ Mathematical notations for use with Math Answers.
  23. ^ “Bing! Instantly find answers and add them to your e-mail”. Windows Live team. 2009-07-09.!2F7EB29B42641D59!41224.entry
  24. ^ Language Tools.
  25. ^ a b c Bing Product Guide.
  26. ^ Shiels, Maggie (07:39 GMT, Tuesday, 15 September 2009 08:39 UK). “Microsoft Bing adds visual search”. Technology (BBC News). Retrieved 2009-09-15. 
  27. ^ Bing Community: BingTweets Debuts Retrieved on 2009-07-20.
  28. ^ Traffic by Live Search Maps Vista Gadget Returns.
  29. ^ Yes, the Live Search and Live Search Traffic gadgets are gone: security concerns cited.
  30. ^ The Traffic Gadget is Back!.
  31. ^ Bing Firefox addon.
  32. ^ Reuters AlertNet, 17 January 2007, Microsoft launches “Click for Cause” initiative to support UNHCR Net campaign.
  33. ^ Retrieved 1 June 2009.
  34. ^ “Microsoft challenges search users to game of snap”.
  35. ^ Microsoft Aims Big Guns at Google, Asks Consumers to Rethink Search.
  36. ^ “Microsoft’s Bing Ad Claims to Terminate ‘Search Overload'”. PC World. 2009-06-03. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  37. ^ “The sound of found: Bing!”. May 28, 2009. Retrieved May 29, 2009. 
  38. ^ “Interbrand Blog | Interbrand names Microsoft’s new search engine Bing!”.!.aspx. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  39. ^ Binging on search by design.
  40. ^ “First screenshot of Microsoft’s Kumo emerges”. March 3, 2009. Retrieved May 29, 2009. 
  41. ^ “Bing Acronyms”. Acronym Geek.
  42. ^ “Go Bing Yourself”. Tech Crunch.
  43. ^ Wauters, Robin (2009-07-31). “BongoBing Opposes Microsoft Trademark Application For “Bing””. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  44. ^ “Free Trademark Search – BONGOBING Trademark | The Laptop Company, Inc. filed on 8/2/2009 | Trademark Registration: 77795043”. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  45. ^ Johnson, Bobbie (Monday 21 December 2009). “Microsoft sued over Bing trademark”. The Guardian (Guardian News and Media Limited). Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  46. ^ “Microsoft sued over Bing trademark | Technology |”. Guardian. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  47. ^ “Free Trademark Search – BING Trademark | Microsoft Corporation filed on 3/2/2009 | Trademark Registration: 77681498”. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  48. ^ “USPTO TTABVUE. Proceeding Number 77681512”. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  49. ^ Magid, Larry (June 2, 2009). “Parents beware: Bing previews video porn”.;txt. Retrieved 2009-06-08. 
  50. ^ Krazit, Tom (June 4, 2009). “Microsoft gives Bing stronger search filter option”. Retrieved 2009-06-10. 
  51. ^ Magid, Larry (June 5, 2009). “Microsoft offers unworkable solution to Bing porn”.;pop. Retrieved 2009-06-08. 
  52. ^ McDougall, Paul (June 8, 2009). “Bing Porn Draws Flak”. Retrieved 2009-06-08. 
  53. ^ Nichols, Mike (June 4, 2009). “Bing Community: smart motion preview and safesearch”. Retrieved 2009-06-08. 
  54. ^ Nichols, Mike (June 12, 2009). “Bing Community: Safe Search Update”. Retrieved 2009-06-14. 
  55. ^ “No sex for Indians on Microsoft Bing”.
  56. ^ “Why You Can’t Search The Word ‘Sex’ On Bing”.

[edit] External links

 Bing. Find out more!!


Filed under: News



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有次序式列举 <OL><LI></OL> (<LI> 放在每一项前)

N1.0 数标型态 <OL TYPE=A|a|I|i|1> (定义全部的列举项)

<LI TYPE=A|a|I|i|1> (定义这个及其後的列举项)

N1.0 起始数字 <OL VALUE=?> (定义全部的列举项)

<LI VALUE=?> (定义这个及其後的列举项)

定义式列举 <DL><DT><DD></DL>(<DT>项目, <DD>定义)

表单式列举 <MENU><LI></MENU>(<LI> 放在每一项前)

目录式列举 <DIR><LI></DIR> (<LI> 放在每一项前)


3.0 重复排列的背景 <BODY BACKGROUND=”URL”>

N1.1+ 背景颜色 <BODY BGCOLOR=”#$$$$$$”> (依序为红、绿、蓝)

N1.1+ 文字颜色 <BODY TEXT=”#$$$$$$”>

N1.1+ 连结颜色 <BODY LINK=”#$$$$$$”>

N1.1+ 看过的连结 <BODY VLINK=”#$$$$$$”>

N1.1 使用中的连结 <BODY ALINK=”#$$$$$$”>


特别符号 &#?; (其中 ? 代表 ISO 8859-1 的编码)

< < > > & & ” ”

注册商标TM &reg;

N1.0+ 注册商标TM &reg;

著作权符号 &copy;

N1.0+ 著作权符号 &copy;

5.表单 (通常需要与CGI程式配合)


N2.0 上传档案 <FORM ENCTYPE=”multipart/form-data></FORM>


栏位名称 <INPUT NAME=”***”>

栏位内定值 <INPUT VALUE=”***”>

已选定 <INPUT CHECKED> (适用於checkboxes与 radio boxes)

栏位宽度 <INPUT SIZE=?> (以字元数为单位)

最长字数 <INPUT MAXLENGTH=?> (以字元数为单位)


下拉式选单名称 <SELECT NAME=”***”></SELECT>


多选式选单 <SELECT MULTIPLE> (多选)







3.0 定义表格 <TABLE></TABLE>

3.0 表格框线 <TABLE BORDER></TABLE> (有或没有)

N1.1 表格框线 <TABLE BORDER=?></TABLE>(可以设定数值)

N1.1 储存格左右留白 <TABLE CELLSPACING=?>

N1.1 储存格上下留白 <TABLE CELLPADDING=?>

N1.1 表格宽度 <TABLE WIDTH=?> (以pixels为单位)

N1.1 宽度比率 <TABLE WIDTH=%> (页宽为100%)

3.0 表格列 <TR></TR>


3.0 储存格 <TD></TD> (须与列并用)


3.0 不换行 <TD NOWRAP>

N3.0 储存格背景颜色 <TD BGCOLOR=#$$$$$$>

3.0 储存格横向连接 <TD COLSPAN=?>

3.0 储存格纵向连接 <TD ROWSPAN=?>

N1.1 储存格宽度 <TD WIDTH=?> (以pixels为单位)

N1.1 储存格宽度比率 <TD WIDTH=%> (页宽为100%)

3.0 表格标题 <TH></TH> (跟<TD>一样,不过会对中并加粗)


3.0 表格标题不换行 <TH NOWRAP>

3.0 表格标题占几栏 <TH COLSPAN=?>

3.0 表格标题占几列 <TH ROWSPAN=?>

N1.1 表格标题宽度 <TH WIDTH=?> (以pixels为单位)

N1.1 表格标题比率宽度<TH WIDTH=%> (页宽为100%)

3.0 表格抬头 <CAPTION></CAPTION>

3.0 表格抬头看齐 <CAPTION ALIGN=TOP|BOTTOM>(在表格之上/之下)


N2.0 视框格式总定义 <FRAMESET></FRAMESET> (取代<BODY>)

N2.0 视框行长度分配 <FRAMESET ROWS=,,,></FRAMESET>(pixels 或 %)

N2.0 视框行长度分配 <FRAMESET ROWS=*></FRAMESET> (* = 相对大小)

N2.0 视框栏宽度分配 <FRAMESET COLS=,,,></FRAMESET>(pixels 或 %)

N2.0 视框栏宽度分配 <FRAMESET COLS=*></FRAMESET> (* =相对大小)

N2.0 定义个别视框 <FRAME> (定义个别视框)

N2.0 个别视框内容 <FRAME SRC=”URL”>

N2.0 个别视框名称 <FRAME NAME=”***”|_blank|_self|_parent|_top>

N2.0 边缘宽度 <FRAME MARGINWIDTH=?> (「左」与「右」边界)

N2.0 边缘高度 <FRAME MARGINHEIGHT=?> (「天顶」与「地底」边界)


N2.0 不可改变大小 <FRAME NORESIZE>

N2.0 无视框时的内容 <NOFRAMES></NOFRAMES>(如果浏览器不提供视框功能的话)

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